International tourist arrivals have increased by 4,4 % en 2015 for a total of 1 billion 181 million arrivals, According to the last WTO World Tourism Barometer. In relation to 2014, tourists (visitors who spend the night) have been approximately 50 million more travelling to international destinations around the world last year.
2015 is the sixth consecutive year of above-average growth : international arrivals have increased every year from 4 %, or more, Since 2010, year following the crisis.
"International tourism has reached new heights in". 2015. The strong performance of the sector contributes to economic growth and job creation in many parts of the world. It is therefore important critical that countries promote the policies supporting the continued growth of tourism, including the facilitation of travel, the development of human resources and sustainability"said the Secretary general of the UNWTO, Taleb Rifai.
Demand has been strong overall, but found results mixed in destinations individually due to an unusual extent of exchange rate fluctuations, the fall of prices of oil and other commodities which increases the income available in the importing countries but lower demand in exporting countries, and more vivid concerns regarding the safety and security.
"The results of. 2015 were influenced by Exchange rates, the price of oil as well as crises of natural and human origin in many parts of the world. In the current environment, safety and security issues take a particular relief ; also should we keep in mind that the development of tourism depends to a large extent on our collective ability to promote fluid trips in conditions of safety and security. In this regard, WTO urges Governments to include the tourism administrations in their planning devices, their structures and procedures of security at the national level, not only to be made to reduce to a minimum the exposure of the sector to threats, but also to maximize the contribution it can make to security and facilitation, because free flow of travel and travel safety can and should go hand in hand,"said M. Rifai.
Growth in the advanced economies destinations (+5 %) has exceeded that of the emerging destinations (+4 %), drawn by the strong results of Europe (+5 %).
At the level of the regions, Europe, the Americas and the Asia-Pacific have all experienced growth rates of approximately 5 % en 2015. Arrivals in the Middle East were up from 3 %. With regard to Africa, the limited data available suggest a decline estimated at 3 %, mainly due to the weakness of the results in North Africa, which represents more than one-third of the arrivals in the region.
Favorable for prospects 2016
For after WTO confidence index, the extensively remain green for 2016, Although at a slightly lower level than that of the previous two years. UNWTO provides, based on the current trend and these perspectives, that international tourist arrivals should grow 4 % around the world in 2016.
The regions where expected the fastest are the Asia-Pacific (+4 % to +5 %) and the Americas (+4 % to +5 %), followed by Europe (+3,5 % to +4,5 %). Projections for Africa (+2 % to 5 %) and the Middle East (+2 % to +5 %) are positive, but subject to a higher degree of uncertainty and instability.
Regional results 2015
Europe (+5 %) has taken the lead in growth in absolute and relative, benefiting from a weaker euro against the United States dollar and other major currencies. Arrivals amounted to 609 million, either 29 million higher than in 2014. Central and Eastern Europe (+6 %) has bounced back after the drop of arrivals the previous year. Northern Europe (+6 %), the Mediterranean and southern Europe (+5 %) and the Western Europe (+4 %) also showed good performance, Since there are many destinations for mature.
The Asia-Pacific (+5 %) has benefited from an increase of 13 million international tourists arrivals last year, reaching the 277 million, with uneven results in destinations. Oceania (+7 %) and Southeast Asia (+5 %) have obtained the highest scores, South Asia and Northeast Asia for their part recording a growth of 4 %.
International arrivals in the Americas (+5 %) increased 9 million, passing to 191 million and consolidate the robust performance (+8 %) from 2014. The appreciation of the dollar of the United States has encouraged travel abroad from the United States of America, what took to the Caribbean and Central America that showed both 7 % growth. The results in South America (+5 %) and in North America (+4 %) were close to the average.
International arrivals in the Middle East have increased in proportions estimated at 3 %, for a total of 54 million, consolidating the recovery begun in 2014.
The limited data available for Africa indicate a decrease of 3 % international arrivals has a total of 53 million. Arrivals were down from 8 % in North Africa and 1 % in sub-Saharan Africa, even if, in the case of the latter, growth is once again positive in the second half. (The results for Africa as for the Middle East are subject to bail, given the paucity of available data.)
China, the United States of America and the United Kingdom recorded the strongest growth in travel abroad in 2015
Several markets leading fired the tourism spending in 2015 Thanks to the strength of their currency and their economy.
Among the major markets in the world is China, which displays every year, Since 2004, a growth in figures expenditure and remains at the top of the world rankings in relation to travel abroad, for the benefit of Asian destinations such as the Japan and the Thailand, but also of the United States of America and various European destinations.
On the other hand, There has been a significant decline of expenditure of the Federation of Russia and the Brazil, previously very dynamic markets, as a result of the economic difficulties encountered by these two countries and the depreciation of the ruble and the real compared to almost all other currencies.
On the side of the traditional markets of economies advanced, expenditures of the United States of America (+9 %), second largest outbound market in the world, and the United Kingdom (+6 %) were stimulated by a strong currency and a rebound in the economy. Expenditures for the Germany, the Italy and the Australia increased in smaller proportions (all displaying +2 % growth) While observed a relatively low demand for the Canada and the France.
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