Tourism and development sustainable appointment and objectives.
UNWTO appoints his Special Ambassador of tourism and sustainable development objectives
OS. Mrs. Eliza Jean Reid, First Lady of Iceland, has been named Special Ambassador of tourism and sustainable development objectives. This appointment occurred at the second World Conference of the WTO and UNESCO on tourism and culture, official activity of the international year of sustainable tourism for development (2017), held in Muscat (Sultanate of Oman) the 11 and 12 December.
UNWTO launched the program of special ambassadors of tourism with sustainable development objectives in line with the international year of sustainable tourism for development (2017). The program aims to promote the contribution of sustainable tourism to the 17 sustainable development goals and to encourage the full integration of tourism and these objectives in the national action programmes, regional and global.
In his speech at the Conference, OS. Mrs. Eliza Jean Reid stressed the importance of sustainable tourism for peace and social cohesion : « There is a strong and positive correlation between tourism and peace. The existence of tourism is based on peace and security. Tourism, in turn, is a vital force for peace and a factor of friendship and understanding between the peoples of the world, because it connects directly to the different cultures and ways of life people. »
« Being intimately convinced that sustainable tourism is able to help to reduce inequalities and increase the tolerance, It's a huge honour to be invited to be special Ambassador of tourism and sustainable development objectives' she added.
As for the Secretary-General of UNWTO, Taleb Rifai, He said : « By becoming a Special Ambassador of tourism and sustainable development objectives, the first lady of Iceland, who embodies the deep commitment of his country to the tourism development sustainable, will certainly bring a valuable support to our action towards more sustainable tourism contributes to all of 17 sustainable development objectives :
- No poverty
Extreme poverty rates have been cut in half since 1990, a remarkable achievement, certainly, but one person in five in the developing world still live with less of 1,25 dollar a day and millions others make little more only this amount per day, and in addition there are many who are at risk of falling back into poverty.
- Zero hunger
When they're done correctly, agriculture, forestry and fishing can produce food for all and to generate a decent income, While supporting a development focused on rural areas and the protection of the environment.
It is time to rethink the way we grow, share and consume our food.
- Good health and well-being
Give the means to live a healthy life and promote the well-being of all ages is essential for sustainable development.
- Quality education
Get a quality education is the Foundation to improve the lives of people and the sustainable development. Major progress was made in improving access to education at all levels and the increase in school enrolment at all levels in schools, especially for girls.
- Gender equality
Some progress has been made worldwide in terms of gender in the context of the realization of the objectives of the Millennium Development (including equal access to primary education for girls and boys), but women and girls continue to suffer discrimination and violence in all parts of the world.
- Clean water and sanitation
Clean and affordable water for all is an essential element of the world in which we live. There is enough water on the planet for this dream.
- Clean, affordable energy
Energy is at the center of almost all the major challenges, but also promising prospects, coming into the world today. Whether it's jobs, Security, of climate change, production of food or increased revenues, access to energy is essential. Sustainable energy is an opportunity to transform lives, economies and the planet.
- Decent work and economic growth
About half of the world's population still lives on the equivalent of about 2 $ per day. In too many places, having a job does not guarantee the ability to escape poverty. The slow and uneven character of these progress are we must review and reorganise our economic and social policies to eradicate poverty completely.
- Industry, innovation and infrastructure
Investments in infrastructure - transport, irrigation, energy, information and communication - technologies are essential to achieve sustainable development and the empowerment of communities in many countries. We have known for a long time that the productivity growth, income and improvements in health and education require investments in infrastructure.
- Inequalities reduced
The international community grew considerably it comes out people in poverty. The most vulnerable nations - the least developed countries, landlocked countries and small island developing States - continue to score points in the poverty reduction. However, inequalities persist and there are still large disparities in access to health and education services and other means of production.
- Cities and sustainable communities
The cities are hubs for ideas, trade, culture, science, productivity, development social and many more. Considered at their best, the cities have helped their inhabitants to make progress on social and economic.
- Responsible consumption and production
Sustainable consumption and production are encouraged to use resources and energy efficiently, to implement sustainable infrastructure and ensure that all access to basic services, Green and decent jobs and a better quality of life. They contribute to implement the general development plans, to reduce the economic costs, environmental and social future, to enhance the economic competitiveness and poverty reduction.
- Measures relating to the fight against climate change
The greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activities have never been higher. Driven by economic growth and the increase in the population, climate change's effects very extended on human and natural systems in all countries and in all continents.
- Aquatic life
The oceans of the world - their temperature, their chemical composition, their currents and their lives are at the source of the global systems that make the Earth habitable by humans. Our rain water, our drinking water, our weather, our climate, our sides, a large part of our food, and even the oxygen of the air we breathe, are ultimately all powered and regulated by the sea. Throughout the history, the oceans and seas were essential to trade and transport. Wise management of this vital resource global is a key element for a sustainable future.
- Earthly life
Forests cover 30 % the surface of the planet, provide food and shelter, and are essential to combat climate change, protect biodiversity and indigenous homes. Each year, 13 million hectares of forests are lost while the continual degradation of arid areas has led to the desertification of 3,6 billion hectares.
Deforestation and desertification - caused by human activities and climate change - pose major challenges to sustainable development and have a negative impact on the lives and livelihoods of millions of people who fighting poverty
- Peace, Justice and effective institutions
The objective 16 objectives of sustainable development focuses on the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, access to justice for all and the building of effective and accountable institutions at all levels.
- Partnerships for the achievement of the objectives
Effective partnerships between Governments, the private sector and civil society are necessary for successful sustainable development programme. These inclusive partnerships built on principles and values, a common vision and common goals that put people and the planet at the Center, are needed at the global level, regional, national and local.