Avy Litchi Festival E the 19 to the 26 November 2017 in Toamasina (Tamatave)
A tourist day, cultural and sports activities and exhibitions will be part of this new edition of the Festival Avy lychees. Organized by EFOI and ARENAMADA, This eight-day event will be featured the 'King of tropical fruits' and will be a platform for Exchange of large-scale, combining clothing, simplicity and technology.
Trade, sociocultural, Economic and tourism benefits are also expected by the organizers. From after ago Eliane, EFOI Coordinator and initiator of the Festival Avy lychees, This event boasts an excellent reputation to a wide audience, many more and diverse during the campaign of lychees, which peaks in December.
Indeed, the production of lychees is concentrated in the Atsinanana region. With a production of approximately 100.000 tons, the region exports 20.000 tons to Europe, that represents 70% the European market.
Lychee is a medium-sized tree which can reach a height of 15 to 20 m. The overall silhouette is fairly round, the foliage is dense and well covering.
It has alternate of compound leaves 15 to 25 cm long. They are paripinnate, which means that they are formed of an even number of leaflets and that there is no Terminal position. The leaflets, the number of two to eight per sheet, measure each of 5 to 10 cm in length. The top of the blade is fairly dark green and glazed appearance, below is rather greyish and dull appearance. Before reaching this coloration in full development, the young leaves are copper red then bright green.
The flowers are small (4 to 5 mm in diameter each) and greenish white pinkish white. They are formed of a small disc ovarian and flower in two carpels topped with a Crown of erect stamens, in general six. Fertilization is ensured by insects, mainly by bees. The flowers are grouped in panicles trained reaching 30 cm long.
The trunk is often branched at low height from the ground. The bark is smooth, but the surface of the trunk is very irregular, ribbed or fluted.
The fruit is a small sphere of 3 to 4 cm in diameter, Sometimes a little heart shaped, surrounded by a rather tough envelope of scaly appearance who takes a color pink to red.
The fruits are worn by dangling clusters. Each cluster has a few units to tens of lychees. Each small sphere is usually unique, but as the fruit comes from a flower to two carpels, It is not uncommon to find which of the two is present but atrophied or double lychees to two equal spheres.
After picking, Hull Brown pretty quickly, but the flavor and quality of the fruit continues beyond this Browning.
The inside of the fruit contains a pulpy part, glassy white color, fragrant and juicy, rich in vitamin C, which is actually an aril, an outgrowth produced at the level of the edge of the hilum, nurturing the seed scar.
Although it looks like there, The lychee is not a drupe because the mesocarp, instead of being developed and fleshy, shape as the Middle film of the hull.
At the center of the fruit is the single seed, oblong, Brown glossy, that looks like a small Brown of India lying. This seed is toxic and should not be consumed.
The first historical mention of the culture of litchi date 111 AV. BC. She appeared in the Royal records of Emperor Han Wudi, who had ordered plant of lychees in the Palace, plantations that failed because of too harsh climate of the North of China.
In China, There is a reference to the litchi during the Tang dynasty, VIe century, where he was the favorite fruit of Yang Guifei, favorite of the Emperor Tang Xuanzong. The fruit was growing in the South of China, and it was delivered by the Imperial messengers who took turns night and day to bring back the precious commodity. Most historians think that lychees came from the province of Guangdong, but some believe they came from the province of Sichuan.
The first known description of litchi by a Westerner is that reported by Michał Boym (CA.1612-1659), a Polish Jesuit missionary in China, naturalist and geographer, in his book Flora Sinensis.
The lychee was then described by Pierre Sonnerat (1748-1814) back from his trip to Southeast Asia and China.
It was introduced at the meeting in 1764 by Pierre Poivre and Joseph-François Charpentier of Jilemnice of Palma. On the island, It's called Litchi. Thence, It was planted in Madagascar, who became one of the largest producers of lychees.
En 2016, lychees for Madagascar fundraising campaign has begun the 12 November.
Madagascar mainly exports to the countries of Europe as the France, the Belgium, the Germany, the Spain, the Netherlands. The country also looks to the Gulf countries such as the market in Dubai and Saudi Arabia. En 2015, Madagascar has exported about 18 000 tons of lychees, for 2016 the operators hope to export about 20 000 tons.
In terms of competitiveness, Madagascar faces competition with the meeting, the Island Mauritius and South Africa, which is a great place for the quality of its lychees. Exporters from Madagascar are thus intended to strengthen the quality of its products. Remember that the GEL has already established in 2005, a standard for the standardization of its products.