Madagascar biodiversity is amongst the 17 mega country
With 1,7 millions of species, biodiversity is one of the greatest capital in the world. A capital yet unknown to science because 8 to 100 millions of species are not determined. This wealth is the biodiversity is still in danger because more than 16.000 species of animals and plants are qualified to be threatened with extinction: a mammal in four, a bird out of eight and an amphibian on three.
Madagascar is considered to be a global priority in terms of conservation of biodiversity. The island is home to five endemic plant families, of approximately 14000 plant species, which around 90% are endemic. The diversity of primates is exceptional with 101 species and under all endemic species.
Thanks to this high concentration of biodiversity, Madagascar is part of the very select list of mega diverse countries. It is the monitoring of nature conservation Center (UNEP-WCMC), an agency of the United Nations for the environment program, who identified 17 countries in this famous list.
Recently, the 26 June 2017, the famous British magazine, The telegraph in its digital format (+ from 70 million unique visitors), has published an article on tourist destinations experienced a radiant progression in terms of tourist arrivals in 2016. Following the rise of 20% the number of tourists last year, Madagascar drew the attention of this particular magazine in the travel. Indeed, the big island has attracted 293 000 tourists, against 244 000 en 2015.
According to the magazine, If the country attracts many tourists every year, It is precisely because of its exceptional flora and fauna. For example, the country has 113 endemic lemur species and an infinite number of endemic plants, which most have medicinal properties or find themselves in the famous luxury perfumes. A rich biodiversity which makes Madagascar a real paradise for lovers of nature.
It is no coincidence the big island is among the mega countries. This list includes 17 countries who hold the majority of the species and which are therefore considered to be the richest in the world in terms of biological diversity. Otherwise, together they occupy less of 10% the surface of the Earth, but host 70% species on Earth.